2 John: Number of Chapters, Author, Place, Date, Context, and Major Themes

2 John, or the Second Epistle of John, presents a meaningful blend of caution, encouragement, and an impassioned call to abide in the truth and love of the Christian faith. 

Though brief, its contents provide a glimpse into the core of early Christian teachings and exhortations.

The Number of Chapters in 2 John

Like Obadiah, Philemon, 3 John, and Jude, 2 John comprises only one chapter. It starts with greetings to the "elect lady and her children" (verses 1-3), followed by rejoicing over the adherence to the truth (verse 4). 

It then reiterates the commandment of love (verses 5-6), cautions against deceivers (verses 7-9), and ends with advice on hospitality towards false teachers (verses 10-11), and a closing remark promising to visit and discuss in person (verses 12-13).

Authorship, Place, and Date of writing of 2 John

Similar to 1 John, the Apostle John is traditionally credited as the author of 2 John, though the letter itself doesn't directly state this. 

The commonalities in language and theme with other Johannine writings lend credence to this belief. 

Most scholars suggest it was written around the same time as 1 John, likely between 85-95 AD, possibly in Ephesus.

The Context of Writing of 2 John

The context of 2 John's composition is rooted in the ongoing struggle of the early Christian community against false teachings, particularly those of the Gnostics. 

The letter insists on the importance of adhering to the original teaching of Christ (2 John 1:9) and warns against offering hospitality to false teachers (2 John 1:10-11).

The Major Themes of 2 John

Major themes in 2 John include the centrality of truth and love (2 John 1:3-6), the danger of false teachers (2 John 1:7-11), and the necessity of abiding in the teachings of Christ (2 John 1:9). 

Each of these themes reinforces the primary teachings of Christianity, emphasizing both doctrinal and ethical integrity.

The Relevance of 2 John Today

In today's context, 2 John holds enduring relevance. Its emphasis on upholding truth and love in the Christian faith (2 John 1:5-6), coupled with caution against false teachings (2 John 1:7-11), provides a timeless beacon for believers. 

These teachings guide Christians to remain firm in their faith and discerning of spiritual falsehoods.


2 John, though brief, is a vital part of the New Testament canon. It provides an essential guide for maintaining the purity of the Christian faith amidst challenges and falsehoods. 

Its focus on truth, love, and discernment continues to illuminate the path of believers in their spiritual journey.


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