3 John: Number of Chapters, Author, Place, Date, Context, and Major Themes

The Third Epistle of John, or 3 John, offers an intimate glance into the dynamics of the early Christian community. 

Although brief, its personal, pragmatic, and pastoral tone carries a unique resonance that extends to the contemporary Christian experience.

The Number of Chapters in 3 John

As with Obadiah, Philemon, 2 John and Jude, 3 John comprises only a single chapter. 

It begins with a friendly greeting to Gaius (verses 1-2), praises his faithfulness and hospitality (verses 3-8), reprimands Diotrephes for his misconduct and power-hungry attitude (verses 9-10), and commends Demetrius for his good reputation (verses 11-12). 

The epistle then concludes with a hope for a future visit (verses 13-14).

Authorship, Place, and Date of writing of 3 John

Traditionally, the Apostle John is believed to have authored 3 John, similar to the first two Johannine letters, though the epistle does not directly identify its author. 

Stylistic and thematic parallels with other Johannine writings support this belief. It's thought to have been composed roughly around the same time as 1 John and 2 John, likely between 85-95 AD, possibly in Ephesus.

The Context of Writing of 3 John

3 John was written amidst a context of church leadership struggles, specifically in relation to the figure of Diotrephes, who was causing disruption within the community (3 John 1:9-10). 

The letter encourages the recipient, Gaius, to continue showing hospitality to traveling Christian teachers, opposing the negative influence of Diotrephes.

The Major Themes of 3 John

The major themes in 3 John include hospitality towards the Christian brethren (3 John 1:5-8), the danger of arrogant leadership (3 John 1:9-10), and the importance of imitating good rather than evil (3 John 1:11). 

These themes emphasize the Christian virtues of love, humility, and moral integrity.

The Relevance of 3 John Today

The relevance of 3 John today remains significant. 

Its emphasis on displaying hospitality and support within the Christian community (3 John 1:5-8), along with the caution against arrogance and misuse of power in leadership (3 John 1:9-10), serves as important guidance for the modern church and its members.


3 John, though a short letter, provides a fascinating look into the interpersonal dynamics of the early church, spotlighting issues still prevalent today. 

Its teachings about hospitality, responsible leadership, and moral exemplification continue to guide Christian believers in their communal interactions and personal spiritual growth.


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