Christianity: The Most Persecuted Religion in History

Christianity, the world's largest religion, has a history that is replete with instances of persecution. From its early beginnings to the modern era, Christians have faced hardships for their beliefs, leading some to claim that Christianity may indeed be the most persecuted religion in history. 

This article traces the journey of Christianity, acknowledging the words of Jesus about the anticipated persecution, highlighting historical evidence of such experiences, and elucidating the present-day situation of Christians worldwide.

Jesus foretold the persecution of Christianity

Christ himself anticipated the challenges his followers would encounter. In the Gospel of John 15:20, Jesus declared, "Remember the word that I said to you: 'A servant is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you." 

This prophetic statement has been verified by the successive waves of persecution faced by Christians over the centuries. 

The persecution of Christians began during the lifetime of Jesus and continued with increased intensity following his crucifixion. 

The first Christian martyr, Stephen, was stoned to death for his faith, setting a precedent for the trials Christians would face (Acts 7:54-60).

Persecution of Christianity Under Empires

In the first three centuries after Christ, Christians were sporadically persecuted under the Roman Empire, culminating in the Great Persecution under Emperor Diocletian. 

Despite Constantine the Great issuing the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, guaranteeing religious freedom, instances of persecution persisted. 

Under the Byzantine Empire, Iconoclasts destroyed religious images, leading to the persecution of those who venerated them. 

The Middle Ages saw the Crusades, which, although initiated to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslims, also resulted in the persecution of Christians considered heretical by the Church, such as the Cathars and the Knights Templar.

Persecution of Christianity in Recent Times

Fast forward to more recent times, the 20th century saw the persecution of Christians under totalitarian regimes such as the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. Stalin's purges, the Spanish Civil War, and the Armenian Genocide attest to this brutal reality. 

Even today, Christianity continues to be the target of persecution in numerous parts of the world. According to Open Doors, a non-denominational mission supporting persecuted Christians, over 340 million Christians face high levels of persecution and discrimination for their faith. 

Predominantly in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa, Christians are subjected to societal hostility, discrimination, and even violence. In countries like North Korea, believers are forced to practice their faith in secrecy due to state-imposed atheism. In others like Pakistan, blasphemy laws disproportionately target Christians. 

The modern wave of persecution is more subtle but no less insidious, characterized by social ostracism, legal discrimination, and sporadic acts of violence.

On May 03, 2019, the BBC published an article under the title “Christian persecution 'at near genocide levels'” (Accessed on 01 June 2023). "In some regions, the level and nature of persecution is arguably coming close to meeting the international definition of genocide, according to that adopted by the UN", according to the article.


Understanding this historical and ongoing plight of Christians is not meant to elicit a sense of victimhood, but to inspire resilience and fortitude. 

It is a testament to the enduring power of the Christian faith and its ability to weather trials and tribulations, just as Jesus had prophesied. 

The persecution of Christians is not merely a relic of the past, but a continuing reality. It underscores the remarkable resilience of the Christian faith, borne from the teachings of Jesus, who himself predicted these challenges. 

Today, as Christians around the globe face varying degrees of hardship, their perseverance continues to affirm the strength of their faith, marking Christianity as a beacon of hope and endurance in a troubled world.


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