Gospel of Matthew: Number of Chapters, Author, Place, Date, Context, and Major Themes

The Gospel of Matthew, the first in the New Testament canon, introduces us to the life, teachings, miracles, and sacrificial death of Jesus Christ. 

The Gospel of Matthew provides a bridge between the Old and New Testaments, marking the fulfillment of prophesies and beginning of a new covenant with humanity.

The Number of Chapters in the Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel of Matthew comprises 28 chapters, each illuminating a distinct facet of Jesus's life and teachings. 

Chapters 1 and 2 narrate the genealogy of Jesus, His virgin birth, and early life. Chapters 3 and 4 introduce John the Baptist, Jesus's baptism, temptation, and the start of His ministry. 

Chapters 5 through 7 deliver the Sermon on the Mount, while chapters 8 through 10 recount various miracles performed by Jesus. 

Chapters 11 through 13 present John's doubts, Jesus's responses, and the Parables of the Kingdom. Chapters 14 through 20 detail more miracles, the Transfiguration, and teachings on discipleship. 

Chapters 21 through 23 describe Jesus's entry into Jerusalem and His debates with religious leaders, while chapters 24 and 25 warn of the end times and final judgement. 

The final chapters, 26 through 28, narrate the Last Supper, Jesus's arrest, crucifixion, and ultimate resurrection.

Authorship, Place, and Date of writing of the Gospel of Matthew

Traditionally, the authorship of the Gospel of Matthew has been attributed to Matthew, a tax collector turned disciple of Jesus. 

Although the Gospel itself is anonymous, early church tradition unanimously assigns its authorship to Matthew. 

It was likely written between 80 and 90 AD, although some scholars propose an earlier date. As for the place of composition, the exact location remains uncertain. 

However, many scholars suggest it might have been written in Antioch of Syria, a significant early Christian hub.

The Context of Writing of the Gospel of Matthew

The context of writing the Gospel of Matthew is crucial to understand its content. Written primarily to a Jewish audience, it is filled with references to Old Testament prophecies to assert Jesus as the long-awaited Messiah (Matthew 1:22-23, 2:15).

The Major Themes of the Gospel of Matthew

The major themes in the Gospel of Matthew are numerous, demonstrating the multi-faceted message of the Gospel. 

First, the theme of Jesus as the Messiah is persistent, as indicated in His genealogy (Matthew 1:1-17) and His fulfillment of prophecies. 

Second, the inauguration of the Kingdom of Heaven is central (Matthew 4:17), marked by Jesus's teachings, miracles, and parables. 

Third, discipleship and the cost of following Jesus are elaborated upon (Matthew 16:24-28). Finally, the theme of judgment and the end times is clearly depicted (Matthew 24:1-25:46).

The Relevance of the Gospel of Matthew Today

The relevance of the Gospel of Matthew today is undeniable. It offers timeless wisdom and guidance, particularly in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7), and encourages love, compassion, and forgiveness (Matthew 18:21-22). 

Its teachings on social justice, humility, and serving others are more applicable than ever in our current global context (Matthew 25:31-46).


The Gospel of Matthew presents an invaluable narrative of Jesus Christ's life and teachings. Its central message highlights Jesus as the promised Messiah, His teachings on the Kingdom of Heaven, and the importance of faithful discipleship. 

Its rich historical context, enduring themes, and contemporary relevance make it a compelling and essential read for anyone seeking to understand the Christian faith.


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