What is Palm Sunday?

Palm Sunday marks the beginning of Holy Week, the most sacred week in the Christian liturgical year, leading up to Easter Sunday. It commemorates the triumphant entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem, an event celebrated by Christians around the world with processions and the waving of palm branches. This day sets the stage for the unfolding of the Passion narrative, capturing a moment of jubilant celebration that precedes the drama of Christ's crucifixion and resurrection. The accounts of Palm Sunday are found in all four Gospels (Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-44, John 12:12-19), each offering perspectives that enrich the understanding of this significant event.

Palm Sundy Palm
Palm Sunday marks the beginning of Holy Week, the most sacred week in the Christian liturgical year, leading up to Easter Sunday. Source.

The Biblical Narrative

As Jesus approached Jerusalem, He sent two disciples to fetch a donkey and its colt, fulfilling the prophecy of Zechariah 9:9: "Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion! Shout, Daughter Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and victorious, lowly and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey." The choice of a humble donkey instead of a majestic horse signified the peaceful nature of Jesus' kingship, contrasting with the worldly expectations of a political messiah.

As Jesus entered the city, crowds gathered, spreading their cloaks and palm branches on the road before Him, a sign of honor and recognition of His kingship. They shouted, "Hosanna to the Son of David!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Hosanna in the highest heaven!" (Matthew 21:9). This acclamation acknowledged Jesus as the promised Messiah, though many misunderstood the nature of His mission and kingdom.

The Significance

Palm Sunday is rich in symbolism and significance. The waving of palm branches, a symbol of victory and peace, heralded Jesus as the king of peace, not as a political revolutionary but as the spiritual savior of humanity. The shouts of "Hosanna," meaning "save, please," expressed the people's hopes for salvation, though their expectations were often earthly and political rather than spiritual and eternal.

The Fulfillment of Prophecy

The events of Palm Sunday underscore the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy, affirming Jesus' identity as the Messiah and His mission of salvation. By riding into Jerusalem on a donkey, Jesus fulfilled ancient prophecies and demonstrated His obedience to the Father's will, setting into motion the events that would lead to our redemption.


Palm Sunday introduces several key themes that are explored throughout Holy Week: kingship, salvation, and misunderstanding. Jesus' entry into Jerusalem reveals the nature of His kingship—peaceful, humble, and serving. The cries of "Hosanna" reflect the deep longing for salvation, a theme that culminates in the events of Good Friday and Easter Sunday. The initial celebration contrasts with the coming rejection, highlighting the misunderstanding of Jesus' mission by the crowds.

Observances and Traditions on Palm Sunday

Palm Sunday is marked by liturgical observances that include the blessing of palm branches, processions, and readings from the Passion narratives. These observances invite believers to enter into the mystery of Christ's passion and to prepare their hearts for the solemn journey of Holy Week.


Palm Sunday stands as a poignant reminder of Jesus Christ's journey towards the cross, beginning with a moment of triumph and celebration. It invites Christians to reflect on the true nature of Christ's kingship, the depth of His love, and the ultimate sacrifice He made for our salvation. As the gateway to Holy Week, Palm Sunday calls believers to a deeper meditation on the events of Christ's passion, death, and resurrection, fostering a renewed commitment to follow Him in humility, obedience, and love. 


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